• cpython
  • id
  • address
  • object

Why does CPython (no clue about other Python implementations) have the following behavior?

tuple1 = ()
tuple2 = ()                                                                                                   
dict1 = {}
dict2 = {}
list1 = []
list2 = []
# makes sense, tuples are immutable
assert(id(tuple1) == id(tuple2))
# also makes sense dicts are mutable
assert(id(dict1) != id(dict2))
# lists are mutable too
assert(id(list1) != id(list2))
assert(id(()) == id(()))
# why no assertion error on this?
assert(id({}) == id({}))
# or this?
assert(id([]) == id([]))

I have a few ideas why it may, but can’t find a concrete reason why.